Thursday, January 12, 2012

All Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine


All Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine

Collage: Paul Ehrlich, J. Robin Warren and Barbara McClintock
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded 102 times to 199 Nobel Laureates between 1901 and 2011.
 
2011
Bruce A. Beutler, Jules A. Hoffmann, Ralph M. Steinman
2010
Robert G. Edwards
2009
Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider, Jack W. Szostak
2008
Harald zur Hausen, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Luc Montagnier
2007
Mario R. Capecchi, Sir Martin J. Evans, Oliver Smithies
2006
Andrew Z. Fire, Craig C. Mello
2005
Barry J. Marshall, J. Robin Warren
2004
Richard Axel, Linda B. Buck
2003
Paul C. Lauterbur, Sir Peter Mansfield
2002
Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz, John E. Sulston
2001
Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt, Sir Paul M. Nurse
2000
Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, Eric R. Kandel
1999
Günter Blobel
1998
Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro, Ferid Murad
1997
Stanley B. Prusiner
1996
Peter C. Doherty, Rolf M. Zinkernagel
1995
Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric F. Wieschaus
1994
Alfred G. Gilman, Martin Rodbell
1993
Richard J. Roberts, Phillip A. Sharp
1992
Edmond H. Fischer, Edwin G. Krebs
1991
Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
1990
Joseph E. Murray, E. Donnall Thomas
1989
J. Michael Bishop, Harold E. Varmus
1988
Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings
1987
Susumu Tonegawa
1986
Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini
1985
Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein
1984
Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Köhler, César Milstein
1983
Barbara McClintock
1982
Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson, John R. Vane
1981
Roger W. Sperry, David H. Hubel, Torsten N. Wiesel
1980
Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset, George D. Snell
1979
Allan M. Cormack, Godfrey N. Hounsfield
1978
Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O. Smith
1977
Roger Guillemin, Andrew V. Schally, Rosalyn Yalow
1976
Baruch S. Blumberg, D. Carleton Gajdusek
1975
David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
1974
Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, George E. Palade
1973
Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen
1972
Gerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter
1971
Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
1970
Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
1969
Max Delbrück, Alfred D. Hershey, Salvador E. Luria
1968
Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg
1967
Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wald
1966
Peyton Rous, Charles Brenton Huggins
1965
François Jacob, André Lwoff, Jacques Monod
1964
Konrad Bloch, Feodor Lynen
1963
Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley
1962
Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson, Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
1961
Georg von Békésy
1960
Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Brian Medawar
1959
Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg
1958
George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
1957
Daniel Bovet
1956
André Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssmann, Dickinson W. Richards
1955
Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell
1954
John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, Frederick Chapman Robbins
1953
Hans Adolf Krebs, Fritz Albert Lipmann
1952
Selman Abraham Waksman
1951
Max Theiler
1950
Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench
1949
Walter Rudolf Hess, Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
1948
Paul Hermann Müller
1947
Carl Ferdinand Cori, Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz, Bernardo Alberto Houssay
1946
Hermann Joseph Muller
1945
Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Sir Howard Walter Florey
1944
Joseph Erlanger, Herbert Spencer Gasser
1943
Henrik Carl Peter Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
1942
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1941
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1940
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1939
Gerhard Domagk
1938
Corneille Jean François Heymans
1937
Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt
1936
Sir Henry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi
1935
Hans Spemann
1934
George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards Minot, William Parry Murphy
1933
Thomas Hunt Morgan
1932
Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, Edgar Douglas Adrian
1931
Otto Heinrich Warburg
1930
Karl Landsteiner
1929
Christiaan Eijkman, Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins
1928
Charles Jules Henri Nicolle
1927
Julius Wagner-Jauregg
1926
Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
1925
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1924
Willem Einthoven
1923
Frederick Grant Banting, John James Rickard Macleod
1922
Archibald Vivian Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
1921
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1920
Schack August Steenberg Krogh
1919
Jules Bordet
1918
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1917
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1916
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1915
No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
1914
Robert Bárány
1913
Charles Robert Richet
1912
Alexis Carrel
1911
Allvar Gullstrand
1910
Albrecht Kossel
1909
Emil Theodor Kocher
1908
Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Paul Ehrlich
1907
Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
1906
Camillo Golgi, Santiago Ramón y Cajal
1905
Robert Koch
1904
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
1903
Niels Ryberg Finsen
1902
Ronald Ross
1901
Emil Adolf von Behring

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