Monday, September 12, 2011

36 Interesting Facts About . . . The Human Heart

  1. The average adult heart beats 72 times a minute; 100,000 times a day; 3,600,000 times a year; and 2.5 billion times during a lifetime.f
  2. Though weighing only 11 ounces on average, a healthy heart pumps 2,000 gallons of blood through 60,000 miles of blood vessels each day.c
  3. A kitchen faucet would need to be turned on all the way for at least 45 years to equal the amount of blood pumped by the heart in an average lifetime.a
  4. The volume of blood pumped by the heart can vary over a wide range, from five to 30 liters per minute.e
  5. Every day, the heart creates enough energy to drive a truck 20 miles. In a lifetime, that is equivalent to driving to the moon and back.a
  6. Because the heart has its own electrical impulse, it can continue to beat even when separated from the body, as long as it has an adequate supply of oxygen.c
  7. The fetal heart rate is approximately twice as fast as an adult’s, at about 150 beats per minute. By the time a fetus is 12 weeks old, its heart pumps an amazing 60 pints of blood a day.g
  8. The heart pumps blood to almost all of the body’s 75 trillion cells. Only the corneas receive no blood supply.c

  9. human heart

    A healthy heart pumps approximately 2,000 gallons of blood a day

  10. During an average lifetime, the heart will pump nearly 1.5 million gallons of blood—enough to fill 200 train tank cars.a
  11. Five percent of blood supplies the heart, 15-20% goes to the brain and central nervous system, and 22% goes to the kidneys.a
  12. The “thump-thump” of a heartbeat is the sound made by the four valves of the heart closing.a
  13. The heart does the most physical work of any muscle during a lifetime. The power output of the heart ranges from 1-5 watts. While the quadriceps can produce 100 watts for a few minutes, an output of one watt for 80 years is equal to 2.5 gigajoules.a
  14. The heart begins beating at four weeks after conception and does not stop until death.g
  15. A newborn baby has about one cup of blood in circulation. An adult human has about four to five quarts which the heart pumps to all the tissues and to and from the lungs in about one minute while beating 75 times.g
  16. The heart pumps oxygenated blood through the aorta (the largest artery) at about 1 mile (1.6 km) per hour. By the time blood reaches the capillaries, it is moving at around 43 inches (109 cm) per hour.g
  17. Early Egyptians believed that the heart and other major organs had wills of their own and would move around inside the body.d
  18. An anonymous contributor to the Hippocratic Collection (or Canon) believed vessel valves kept impurities out of the heart, since the intelligence of man was believed to lie in the left cavity.f
  19. Plato theorized that reasoning originated with the brain, but that passions originated in the “fiery” heart.f
  20. The term “heartfelt” originated from Aristotle’s philosophy that the heart collected sensory input from the peripheral organs through the blood vessels. It was from those perceptions that thought and emotions arose.f
  21. Prolonged lack of sleep can cause irregular jumping heartbeats called premature ventricular contractions (PVCs).b
  22. Some heavy snorers may have a condition called obtrusive sleep apnea (OSA), which can negatively affect the heart.b
  23. Cocaine affects the heart’s electrical activity and causes spasm of the arteries, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke, even in healthy people.a
  24. Galen of Pergamum, a prominent surgeon to Roman gladiators, demonstrated that blood, not air, filled arteries, as Hippocrates had concluded. However, he also believed that the heart acted as a low-temperature oven to keep the blood warm and that blood trickled from one side of the heart to other through tiny holes in the heart.f
  25. Galen agreed with Aristotle that the heart was the body’s source of heat, a type of “lamp” fueled by blood from the liver and fanned into spirituous flame by air from the lungs. The brain merely served to cool the blood.f
  26. In 1929, German surgeon Werner Forssmann (1904-1979) examined the inside of his own heart by threading a catheter into his arm vein and pushed it 20 inches and into his heart, inventing cardiac catheterization, a now common procedure.f
  27. On December 3, 1967, Dr. Christiaan Barnard (1922-2001) of South Africa transplanted a human heart into the body of Louis Washansky. Although the recipient lived only 18 days, it is considered the first successful heart transplant.e
  28. “Atrium” is Latin for “entrance hall,” and “ventricle” is Latin for “little belly.”a
  29. A woman’s heart typically beats faster than a man’s. The heart of an average man beats approximately 70 times a minute, whereas the average woman has a heart rate of 78 per minute.b
  30. Blood is actually a tissue. When the body is at rest, it takes only six seconds for the blood to go from the heart to the lungs and back, only eight seconds for it to go the brain and back, and only 16 seconds for it to reach the toes and travel all the way back to the heart.c

  31. stethoscope

    A large-buxomed female patient prompted a physician to invent the stethoscope

  32. French physician Rene Laennec (1781-1826) invented the stethoscope when he felt it was inappropriate to place his ear on his large-buxomed female patients' chests.f
  33. Physician Erasistratus of Chios (304-250 B.C.) was the first to discover that the heart functioned as a natural pump.f
  34. In his text De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem, the father of modern anatomy, Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), argued that the blood seeped from one ventricle to another through mysterious pores.f
  35. Galen argued that the heart constantly produced blood. However, William Harvey’s (1578-1657) discovery of the circulation system in 1616 revealed that there was a finite amount of blood in the body and that it circulated in one direction.f
  36. The right atrium holds about 3.5 tablespoons of blood. The right ventricle holds slightly more than a quarter cup of blood. The left atrium holds the same amount of blood as the right, but its walls are three times thicker.g
  37. Grab a tennis ball and squeeze it tightly: that’s how hard the beating heart works to pump blood.a
  38. In 1903, physiologist Willem Einthoven (1860-1927) invented the electrocardiograph, which measures electric current in the heart.e

SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF PLANTS WITH IMAGES

Blue Mountain prairie clover, Western prairie clover (Dalea ornata)Dalea ornata
Common Names Blue Mountain prairie clover, Western prairie clover
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color Pink, purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Searl's prairie clover (Dalea searlsiae)Dalea searlsiae
Common Names Searl's prairie clover
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
sacred datura, angel's trumpet (Datura innoxia)Datura innoxia
Common Names sacred datura, angel's trumpet
Family Potato
Flower Color White
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed Yes
Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium)Datura stramonium
Common Names Jimsonweed
Family Potato
Flower Color White/Purple
Plant Type Shrub
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Yes
Queen Anne's lace, Wild Carrot (Daucus carota)Daucus carota
Common Names Queen Anne's lace, wild carrot
Family Parsley
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Weed Yes
bicolor larkspur, little larkspur (Delphinium bicolor) Delphinium bicolor
Common Names bicolor larkspur
Family Buttercup
Native Yes
Weed No
blue larkspur (Delphinium bicolor)Delphinium bicolor
Common Names little larkspur, blue larkspur
Family Buttercup
Flower Color Blue
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
little larkspur (Delphinium bicolor)Delphinium bicolor
Common Names little larkspur
Family Buttercup
Plant Type Herb
Native , Yes
Weed No
Flixweed (Descurainia sophia)Descurainia sophia
Common Names flixweed
Family Mustard
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native No
Weed Noxious

Descurainia sp.
Common Names tansy mustard
Family Mustard
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Steer's head (Dicentra uniflora)Dicentra uniflora
Common Names steer's head
Family Bleeding Heart
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Hairy crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis)Digitaria sanguinalis
Common Names hairy crabgrass
Family Grass
Plant Type Grass
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Yes
common teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)Dipsacus fullonum
Common Names common teasel
Family Teasel
Flower Color Brown - purple
Plant Type Shrub
Introduced Europe
Weed Yes
alkali saltgrass (Distichlis stricta )Distichlis stricta
Common Names alkali saltgrass
Family Grass
Plant Type Grass
Short Description
Native Yes
Weed Can be
Jeffrey's shooting star (Dodecatheon jeffreyi)Dodecatheon jeffreyi
Common Names Jeffrey's shooting star
Family Primrose
Flower Color Pink, purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
shootingstar (Dodecatheon pulchellum)Dodecatheon pulchellum
Common Names shootingstar
Family Primrose
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
showy downiniga (Downiniga elegans)Downiniga elegans
Common Names showy downiniga
Family Harebell
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Spring Whitlow-grass (Draba verna)Draba verna
Common Names spring draba, spring whitlow-grass
Family Mustard
Flower Color White, yellow
Native , No
Weed No
Barnyard grass (Echinochloa muricata) Echinochloa muricata
Common Names barnyard grass
Family Grass
Flower Color Green
Plant Type Grass
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Yes
wild cucumber (Echinoeysis lobata)Echinoeysis lobata
Common Names wild cucumber
Family Cucurbit
Flower Color Cream white
Plant Type Vine
Native Yes
Weed Can be
Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)Elaeagnus angustifolia
Common Names Russian Olive
Family Oleaster
Plant Type Tree
Native No
Weed Yes
Great Basin Wild Rye (Elymus cinereus)Elymus cinereus
Common Names great basin wildrye, basin wildrye, giant wildrye
Family Grass
Flower Color Green, mixed
Plant Type Grass
Native Yes
Weed No
Squirreltail (Elymus elymoides)Elymus elymoides
Common Names squirreltail
Family Grass
Plant Type Grass
Native Yes
Weed No
fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)Epilobium angustifolium
Common Names fireweed
Family Evening Primrose
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
panicle willowweed (Epilobium brachycarpum)Epilobium brachycarpum
Common Names panicle willowweed
Family Evening Primrose
Flower Color Purple, white
Plant Type Forb
Weed Yes

Epilobium watsonii
Common Names Watson's willow -herb
Family Evening Primrose
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Herb
horsetail (Equisetum arvense)Equisetum arvense
Common Names horsetail
Family Horsetail
Flower Color -none-
Plant Type Forb
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
Scouringrush (Equisetum hyemale)Equisetum hyemale
Common Names scouringrush
Family Horsetail
Flower Color Brown
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed Yes
smooth scouring-rush, smooth horsetail (Equisetum laevigatum)Equisetum laevigatum
Common Names smooth scouring-rush
Family Horsetail
Weed Yes
turkey mullein, doveweed (Eremoearpus setigerus)Eremoearpus setigerus
Common Names turkey mullein, doveweed
Family Spurge
Flower Color Light Green
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
basin rayless daisy, rayless fleabane (Erigeron concinnus var. aphanactis)Erigeron concinnus var. aphanactis
Common Names basin rayless daisy, rayless fleabane, rayless shaggy fleabane
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Wooly Daisy (Erigeron divergens)Erigeron divergens
Common Names Wooly Daisy
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Pale lavender
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
threenerve fleabane (Erigeron subtrinervis)Erigeron subtrinervis
Common Names threenerve fleabane
Family Aster
arrowleaf buckwheat, norther buckwheat (Eriogonum compositum)Eriogonum compositum
Common Names arrowleaf buckwheat, norther buckwheat
Family Buckwheat
Native
yellow buckwheat (Eriogonum flavum)Eriogonum flavum
Common Names yellow buckwheat
Family Buckwheat
Flower Color Yellow, red
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
parsnip-flowered buckwheat (Eriogonum heracleoides)Eriogonum heracleoides
Common Names parsnip-flowered buckwheat
Family Buckwheat
Short Description parsnip-flowered buckwheat (Eriogonum heracleoides)
Native Yes
Weed No
blue mountain buckwheat (EriogonumStrictum)Eriogonum nidularium Coville
Common Names birdnest buckwheat
Family Buckwheat
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
cushion buckwheat, oval-leafed eriogonum (Eriogonum ovalifolium)Eriogonum ovalifolium
Common Names cushion buckwheat, oval-leafed eriogonum
Family Buckwheat
Flower Color Cream white
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
strict buckwheat (Eriogonum strictum)Eriogonum strictum
Common Names Blue Mountain buckwheat, strict buckwheat
Family Buckwheat
Flower Color White-pale pink
Plant Type Shrub
Short Description Very low growing.
Native Yes
Weed No
thymeleaf buckwheat (Eriogonum thymoides)Eriogonum thymoides
Common Names Thymeleaf buckwheat
Family Buckwheat
Native Yes
Weed No
sulfur-flowered buckwheat, sulfur buckwheat (Eriogonum umbellatum)Eriogonum umbellatum
Common Names sulfur buckwheat, sulfur-flowered buckwheat
Family Buckwheat
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
Oregon Sunshine, wooly sunflower (Eriophyllum lanatum)Eriophyllum lanatum
Common Names Oregon sunshine, wooly sunflower
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
storksbill, filaree (Erodium cicutarium)Erodium cicutarium
Common Names storksbill, filaree
Family Geranium
Flower Color Pink, purple
Plant Type Herb
Short Description Leaves: Pinnate-pinnatifid. Native of Europe or Asia.
Location McCall
Native No
Weed No
Glacier Lily (Erythronium grandiflorum)Erythronium grandiflorum
Common Names glacier lily
Family Lily
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula)Euphorbia esula
Common Names leafy spurge
Family Spurge
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Introduced Yes
Weed Yes
thyme-leaved spurge(Euphorbia glyptosperma)Euphorbia glyptosperma
Common Names thyme-leaved spurge
Family Spurge
Weed Yes
petty spurge (Euphorbia peplus)Euphorbia peplus
Common Names petty spurge
Family Spurge
Plant Type Forb
Introduced Yes
Weed Yes
Woodland strawberry, wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca)Fragaria vesca
Common Names wild strawberry, woodland strawberry
Family Rose
Flower Color White
Native Yes
Weed No
Virginia strawberry, wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)Fragaria virginiana
Common Names wild strawberry, Virginia strawberry
Family Rose
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No

Frasera montana
Common Names white frasera
Family Gentian
Flower Color White, cream
Plant Type Herb
Short Description Small perrenial.
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
Yellow Bell (Fritillaria pudica)Fritillaria pudica
Common Names yellowbell
Family Lily
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
blanket flower (Gaillardia pinnatifida)Gaillardia pinnatifida
Common Names blanket flower
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Yellow, red
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No

Galium aparine
Common Names cleavers
Family Madder
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Weed Yes
sweet woodruf, bedstraw (Galium boreale)Galium boreale
Common Names sweet woodruf, bedstraw
Family Madder
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Weed Yes
Sweetscented Bedstraw (Galium triflorum)Galium triflorum
Common Names fragrant bedstraw, sweetscented bedstraw
Family Madder
Weed Yes
small-flowered gaura (Gaura mollis)Gaura mollis
Common Names small-flowered gaura
Family Evening Primrose
Flower Color Pink, Green
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed Yes
explorer's bog gentian, northern gentian (Gentiana acuta)Gentiana acuta
Common Names explorer's bog gentian, northern gentian
Family Gentian
Flower Color Purple, blue
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Sticky Geranium (Geranium viscosissimum)Geranium viscosissimum
Common Names sticky purple geranium, sticky geranium
Family Geranium
Flower Color Pink, purple
Plant Type Herb
Short Description Leaves: Palmately divided
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
Scarlet Gilia (Gilia aggregata)Gilia aggregata
Common Names scarlet gilia
Family Phlox
Flower Color Red
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
spiny greasebush (Glossopetalon spinescens )Glossopetalon spinescens
Common Names spiny greasebush
Family Crossosoma
Flower Color White
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)Glycyrrhiza lepidota
Common Names wild licorice
Family Legume or Pea
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed Yes
Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera oblongifolia)Goodyera oblongifolia
Common Names rattlesnake plantain
Family Orchid
Flower Color -dull-
Plant Type Forb
Short Description Forest floor. Leaves: White stripe on midrib
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
Hopsage (Grayia spinosa)Grayia spinosa
Common Names spiny hopsage, hopsage
Family Goosefoot
Flower Color Pink, Yellow, Creamy White
Plant Type Shrub
Short Description Formerly Atriplex spinosa.
Native Yes
Weed No
curlycup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)Grindelia squarrosa
Common Names curlycup gumweed
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed Can be
broom snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae)Gutierrezia sarothrae
Common Names broom snakeweed
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Shrub - grass
Short Description Poisonous
Native Yes
Weed No
bog orchid (Habenaria dilatata)Habenaria dilatata
Common Names bog orchid
Family Orchid
Flower Color White
Plant Type Forb
Short Description Thin spikelike raceme of flowers.
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No

Hackelia micrantha
Common Names Jessica sticktight, blue stickseed
Family Borage
Native
Halogeton (Halogeton glomeratus)Halogeton glomeratus
Common Names halogeton
Family Goosefoot
Flower Color Green-white
Plant Type Forb
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Yes
oneflower helianthella, rocky mountain helianthella, rocky mountain little sunflower (Helianthella uniflora)Helianthella uniflora
Common Names oneflower helianthella, rocky mountain helianthella, rocky mountain little sunflower
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Brilliant Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)Helianthus annuus
Common Names sunflower
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed Can be
Cusick's Sunflower (Helianthus cusickii)Helianthus cusickii
Common Names Cusick's Sunflower
Family Composites, Sunflower
Native Yes
Weed No
showy goldeneye (Heliomeris multiflora)Heliomeris multiflora
Common Names showy goldeneye
Short Description Annual to weak perennial.
Native Yes
Weed No
salt heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum L.) Heliotropium curassavicum L.
Common Names salt heliotrope
Family Borage
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
cow parsnip (Heracleum lanatum)Heracleum lanatum
Common Names cow parsnip
Family Parsley
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Short Description Photosensitive skin reaction, wet soil. Is poisonous to humans.
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
false strawberry, dwarf hesperochiron (Hesperochiron pumilus)Hesperochiron pumilus
Common Names false strawberry
Family Waterleaf
Native Yes
Weed No
Ocean Spray (Holodiscus discolor)Holodiscus discolor
Common Names ocean spray
Family Rose
Flower Color Cream white
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
Jagged Chickweed (Holosteum umbellatum)Holosteum umbellatum .
Common Names jagged chickweed
Family Pink
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Native No
Weed Yes
foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum)Hordeum jubatum
Common Names foxtail barley
Family Poaceae
Native Yes
wild barley, mouse barley (Hordeum leporinum)Hordeum leporinum
Common Names hare barley, wild barley, mouse barley
Family Grass
Plant Type Grass
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Yes
dwarf waterleaf (Hydrophyllum capitatum)Hydrophyllum capitatum
Common Names dwarf waterleaf
Family Waterleaf
Flower Color Pink, purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
St. John's Wort (Hypericum formosum var. Scouleri)Hypericum formosum var. Scouleri
Common Names St. John's Wort
Family St. John's Wort
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Weed Yes

Ipomopsis aggregata var. attenuata
Common Names Skyrocket, Scarlet Gillia
Native
Yellow Flag (Iris pseudacorus)Iris pseudacorus
Common Names yellow flag
Family Iris
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Short Description Introduced plant, conspicuous along edges of ponds, irrigation canals.
Native No
Weed Can be
Iris Sp.Iris sp.
Common Names Iris
Family Iris
Flower Color Purple, Cream, Yellow
Short Description perennial
Native Yes
Weed No
poverty sumpweed (Iva axillaris)Iva axillaris
Common Names poverty sumpweed
Family Composites, Sunflower
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed Can be
marshelder (Iva xanthifolia)Iva xanthifolia
Common Names marshelder
Family Composites, Sunflower
Plant Type Forb
Native No
Weed Yes

Ivesia rhypara
Common Names grimy mousetail
Family Rose
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Western Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis)Juniperus occidentalis
Common Names western juniper
Family Cypress
Plant Type Tree
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed Can be
Utah Juniper (Juniperus osteosperma)Juniperus osteosperma
Common Names Utah juniper
Family Cypress
Flower Color Yellowish
Plant Type Tree
Native Yes
Weed No
alpine laurel, swamp laurel (Kalmia microphylla)Kalmia microphylla
Common Names alpine laurel, swamp laurel
Family Heath
Flower Color Pink, purple
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
Kochia (Kochia scoparia)Kochia scoparia
Common Names kochia
Family Goosefoot
Plant Type Forb
Native No
Weed Noxious
Winterfat (Krascheninnikovia lanata)Krascheninnikovia lanata
Common Names winterfat, white sage
Family Goosefoot
Flower Color White
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
prickly lettuce, compass plant (Lactuca serriola )Lactuca serriola
Common Names prickly lettuce, compass plant
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Yes
henbit, henbit deadnettle (Lamium amplexicaule)Lamium amplexicaule
Common Names henbit , henbit deadnettle
Family Mint
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Forb
Introduced Yes
Weed Yes
stickseed, wild forget-me-not(Lappula velutina)Lappula velutina
Common Names stickseed, wild forget-me-not
Family Borage
Flower Color Blue
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Western Larch (Larix occidentalis)Larix occidentalis
Common Names western larch
Family Pine
Plant Type Tree
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
peavine (Lathyrus nevadensis)Lathyrus nevadensis
Common Names peavine
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color Lavender, light blue
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Few-flowered Peavine (Lathyrus pauciflorus)Lathyrus pauciflorus
Common Names few-flowered peavine
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Vine
Native Yes
Weed No
bushy peavine (Lathyrus rigidus)Lathyrus rigidus
Common Names bushy peavine
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color White
Plant Type Vine
Native Yes
Weed No
labrador tea(Ledum groenlandicum)Ledum groenlandicum
Common Names labrador tea
Family Heath
Flower Color White
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
perennial pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium L) Lepidium latifolium L
Common Names perennial pepperweed
Family Mustard
Flower Color White, cream
Plant Type Forb
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Noxious
Clasping Pepperweed (Lepidium perfoliatum)Lepidium perfoliatum
Common Names clasping pepperweed
Family Mustard
Flower Color Green-yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native No
Weed Yes
bladder pod (Lesquerella douglasii)Lesquerella douglasii
Common Names bladder pod
Family Mustard
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
sand lily, star lily, mountain lily (Leucocrinum montanum)Leucocrinum montanum
Common Names sand lily, star lily, mountain lily
Family Lily
Flower Color White
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
Bitterroot (Lewisia rediviva)Lewisia rediviva
Common Names Bitterroot
Family Purslane
Flower Color White/Purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
butter and eggs, bread and butter (Linaria vulgaris)Linaria vulgaris
Common Names butter and eggs, bread and butter
Family Figwort or Snapdragon
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Native No
Weed Noxious, Yes
Twinflower (Linnaea borealis) close-upLinnaea borealis
Common Names twinflower
Family Honeysuckle
Flower Color Pink
Plant Type Shrub
Short Description A very small shrub like vine that grows as an understory in pine forests, 4 in tall, hugs soil or rock surface.
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
Lewis flax (Linum lewisii)Linum lewisii
Common Names Lewis flax
Family Flax
Flower Color Blue
Plant Type Forb
Native Owyhee, Yes
wild flax, blue flax (Linum perenne)Linum perenne
Common Names wild flax, blue flax
Family Flax
Flower Color Blue
Plant Type Forb
Introduced
slender fringe cup (Lithophragma bulbifera)Lithophragma bulbifera
Common Names slender fringe cup
Family Saxifrage
Native
prairie star, woodland star (Lithophragma heterophylla)Lithophragma heterophylla
Common Names prairie star, woodland star
Family Saxifrage
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
prairie starflower (Lithophragma parviflorum)Lithophragma parviflorum
Common Names prairie starflower
Family Saxifrage
Native Yes
Weed No
corn gromwell (Lithospermum arvense)Lithospermum arvense
Common Names corn gromwell
Family Borage
puccoon, wayside gromwell (Lithospermum ruderale)Lithospermum ruderale
Common Names puccoon, wayside gromwell
Family Borage
Flower Color Yellowish
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
desert swale parsley (Lomatium ambiguum)Lomatium ambiguum
Common Names desert swale parsley
Family Parsley
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Wasatch desertparsley (Lomatium bicolor)Lomatium bicolor
Common Names Wasatch desertparsley
cous biscuit-root, cous-root desert-parsley (Lomatium cous)Lomatium cous
Common Names cous biscuit-root, cous-root desert-parsley
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
desert parsley, fernleaf biscuitroot, fern-leafed lomatium, fern-leafed desert parsley (Lomatium dissectum)Lomatium dissectum
Common Names fern-leafed lomatium, fern-leafed desert parsley, desert parsley, fernleaf biscuitroot
Family Parsley
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
Gray's lomatium, Gray's desert parsley (Lomatium grayi)Lomatium grayi
Common Names Gray's lomatium, Gray's desert parsley
Family Parsley
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
barestem lomatium (Lomatium nudicaule)Lomatium nudicaule
Common Names bare-stem desert parsley, barestem lomatium
Family Parsley
Flower Color Yellowish
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Nine-leaved Desert Parsley (Lomatium triternatum)Lomatium triternatum
Common Names nine-leaved desert parsley
Family Parsley
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Canby's lomatium (Lomatiun canbyi)Lomatiun canbyi
Common Names Canby's lomatium
Family Parsley
Flower Color White-pale pink
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
black twinberry (Lonicera involucrata)Lonicera involucrata
Common Names black twinberry
Family Honeysuckle
Flower Color Pale yellow
Plant Type Shrub
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
red twinberry, Utah honeysuckle (Lonicera utahensis)Lonicera utahensis
Common Names red twinberry, Utah honeysuckle
Family Honeysuckle
Flower Color Pale Yellow or Red
Plant Type Shrub
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
Birds Foot Trefoil (Lotus Corniculatus)Lotus corniculatus
Common Names bird's-foot trefoil
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native No
Weed Can be
Spur Lupine (Lupinus arbustus)Lupinus arbustus
Common Names spur lupine
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color Yellow, white, purple
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
kellogg spurred lupine(Lupinus caudatus)Lupinus caudatus
Common Names kellogg spurred lupine
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color White-pale pink
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No

Lupinus sp.
Common Names bluebonnet, lupine
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color Blue
Plant Type Herb
Short Description Leaves: Palmate compound
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No

Lygodesmia juncea
Common Names rush skeletonplant
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color light purple
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed Yes
Skunk Cabbage (Lysichitum americanum)Lysichitum americanum
Common Names skunk cabbage
Family Calla-lily
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)Lythrum salicaria
Common Names purple loosestrife
Family Loosestrife
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Herb
Native No
Weed Noxious
tall purple aster, hoary aster, hoary tansyaster (Machaeranthera canescens)Machaeranthera canescens
Common Names tall purple aster, hoary aster, hoary tansyaster
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Oregon Grape (Mahonia repens)Mahonia repens
Common Names Oregon grape
Family Barberry
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Shrub
Short Description Grape-like berries. Leaves: Prickly toothed leaflets
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
common mallow, cheeseweed (Malva neglecta)Malva neglecta
Common Names common mallow, cheeseweed
Family Mallow
Flower Color Purple, white
Plant Type Herb
Native No
Weed Yes
pineappleweed (Matricaria matriarioides)Matricaria matriarioides
Common Names pineappleweed
Family Composites, Sunflower
Plant Type Forb
Native North America
Weed Yes
black medic (Medicago lupulina)Medicago lupulina
Common Names black medic
Native No
Weed Yes
alfalfa (Medicago sativa)Medicago sativa
Common Names alfalfa
Native No
white sweetclover (Melilotus alba)Melilotus alba
Common Names white sweetclover
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color White
Plant Type Forb
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Yes
yellow sweetclover (Melilotus officinalis )Melilotus officinalis
Common Names yellow sweetclover
Family Legume or Pea
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Introduced Yes
Native No
Weed Yes
whitestem blazingstar (Mentzelia albicaulis)Mentzelia albicaulis
Common Names whitestem blazingstar
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
blazing star (Mentzelia laevicaulis)Mentzelia laevicaulis
Common Names blazing star, smoothstem blazingstar
Family Blazing Star
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Long-flowered Bluebell (Mertensia longfloria)Mertensia longfloria
Common Names long-flowered bluebell
Family Borage
Flower Color Blue
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
broad-leaf bluebells (Mertensia platyphylla)Mertensia platyphylla
Common Names broad-leaf bluebells
Family Borage
Flower Color Blue
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
Nodding Microseris (Microseris Nutans)Microseris nutans
Common Names nodding microseris
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Cusick's monkeyflower (Mimulus cusickii)Mimulus cusickii
Common Names Cusick's monkeyflower
Family Figwort or Snapdragon
Flower Color Magenta
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Lewis' monkeyflower(Mimulus lewisii)Mimulus lewisii
Common Names Lewis' monkeyflower
Family Figwort or Snapdragon
Flower Color Magenta
Plant Type Herb
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
dwarf purple monkeyflower (Mimulus nanus)Mimulus nanus
Common Names dwarf purple monkeyflower
Family Figwort or Snapdragon
Flower Color Pink, purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
little yellow monkeyflower(Mimulus primuloides)Mimulus primuloides
Common Names little yellow monkeyflower
Family Figwort or Snapdragon
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Wishbone-bush (Mirabilis laevis Var. retrorsa)Mirabilis laevis Var. retrorsa
Common Names Wishbone-bush
Plant Type Forb
Short Description perennial
Native Yes
bigleaf sandwort, franklin's sandwort (Moehringia macrophylla)Moehringia macrophylla
Common Names bigleaf sandwort, franklin's sandwort
Family Pink
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Short Description previously known as Arenaria macrophylla
Native Yes
Weed No
Monardella (Monardella odoratissima)Monardella odoratissima
Common Names monardella
Family Mint
Flower Color light purple
Plant Type Shrub
Native Yes
Weed No
water montia, water miner's lettuce (Montia chamissoi)Montia chamissoi
Common Names water montia, water miner's lettuce
Family Purslane
Flower Color White/Purple
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
narrowleaf minerslettuce, indian lettuce (Montia linearis)Montia linearis
Common Names narrowleaf minerslettuce, indian lettuce
Family Purslane
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Miner's lettuce (Montia perfoliata)Montia perfoliata
Common Names Miner's lettuce
Family Purslane
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Introduced North America
Weed No
ground nama (Nama aretioides)Nama aretioides
Common Names ground nama
Family Waterleaf
Flower Color light purple
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
Kirtley's nemophila (Nemophila kirtleyi)Nemophila kirtleyi
Common Names Nemophila kirtleyi
Family Waterleaf
Native
Nicotiana attenuata (coyote tobacco)Nicotiana attenuata
Common Names coyote tobacco
Family Potato
Flower Color White
Plant Type Forb
Native

Nicotiana attenuata
Common Names coyote tobacco

Nicotiana attenuata
Common Names coyote tobacco
yellow water lily, indian pond lily(Nuphar polysepala)Nuphar polysepala
Common Names yellow water lily, indian pond lily
Family Water Lily
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
desert evening primrose (Oenothera caespitosa)Oenothera caespitosa
Common Names desert evening primrose
Family Evening Primrose
Flower Color White
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
pale evening primrose(Oenothera pallida Lindl. )Oenothera pallida Lindl.
Common Names Pale evening primrose
Family Evening Primrose
Flower Color Pale pink
Plant Type Forb
Native Yes
Weed No
tansey-leaf evening primrose (Oenothera tanacetifolia)
growing on a dry lake bottom.Oenothera tanacetifolia
Common Names tansey-leaf evening primrose
Family Evening Primrose
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthuim) Onopordum acanthium
Common Names Scotch thistle
Family Composites, Sunflower
Flower Color Purple
Plant Type Forb
Native No
Weed Noxious
ninebark(Opulaster malvaceus)Opulaster malvaceus
Common Names ninebark
Family Rose
Flower Color White
Plant Type Shrub
Location McCall
Native Yes
Weed No
broomrape (Orobanche sp.)Orobanche sp.
Common Names broomrape
Family Broomrape
Flower Color Yellow, white, purple
Short Description Broomrape
Native Yes
Weed No
Yellow Owl-Clover (Orthocarpus luteus)Orthocarpus luteus
Common Names yellow owl-clover
Family Figwort or Snapdragon
Flower Color Yellow
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
sweet cicely (Osmorhiza chilenis)Osmorhiza chilenis
Common Names sweet cicely
Family Parsley
Flower Color White
Plant Type Herb
Native Yes
Weed No
western sweet-cicely (Osmorhiza occidentalis)Osmorhiza occidentalis
Common Names western sweet-cicely
Native