Monday, August 15, 2011

Scientific Inventions and Discoveries

Adding Machine -  Pascal – France – 1642
Aeroplane - Wright brothers – US – 1903
Ballpoint Pen – C.Biro – Hungary – 1888
Barometer – E. Torricelli – Italy -1644
Bicycle -  K. Macmillan – Scotland – 1839
Bicycle Tyre – J.B. Dunlop  -  Scotland -1888
Centigrade Scale – A. Celsius – France -1742
Cinematograph - Thomas Alva Edison – US -1891
Computer – Charles Babbage – Britain -1834
Cine Camera - Friese-Greene – britain -1889
Cinema -  A.L. and J.L Lumiere – France -1895
Clock (mechanical) -  Hsing and Ling-Tsan  – China  – 1725
Clock (pendulum) – C. Hugyens – The Netherlands -1657
Diesel Engine – Rudolf Diesel – Germany -  1892
Dynamite – Alfred Nobel-  Seeden – 1867
Dynamo – Michael Faraday – England – 1831
Electric Iron – H.W. Seeley -  US – 1882
Electric Lamp – Thomas Alva Edison – US – 1879
Electromanager – W. Sturgeon – England  – 1831
Film (with Sound) – Dr. Lee de Forest – US -1923
Fountain Pen - L.E. Waterman  – US -1884
Gas Lighting - Willam Murdoch – Scotland  -1794
Gramophone – Thomas Alva Edison- US – 1878
Jet Engine - Sir Frank Whittle – England -1937
Lift - E.G.Otis  – US – 1852
Locomotive - Richard Trevithck – England -1804
Machine Gun – Richard Gatling – US – 1861.
Match(safety)
- J.E. Lundstrom -Sweden – 1855
Microphone - David Hughes- US  – 1878
Microscope -  Z.Janssen -  The Netherlands -1590
Motor Car (Petrol) – Karl Benz  – Geamany – 1885
Motorcycle – Edward Butler  -  England – 1884
Neon-Lamp -  G.Claude -  France – 1915
Nylon – DR.W.H.Carothers – US  – 1937
Parachute -  Louis Lenormand – France – 1797
Photography(paper) – W.H.Fox Talbot – England -1835
Printing press - J.Gutenberg -Germany -1455
Radar -  Dr.A.H. Taylor and L.C.Young – US  -1922
Radium - Marie and pierre curie – France – 1898
Rayon – Viscose Co. -US – 1910
Razor (safety) – K.C. Gillette  – US  -1895
Razor (electric) -  Col. J. Schick  – US – 1931
Refrigerator  -  J. Harrison and A. Britain 1851            Carlin
Revolver -  Samuel Colt  -US – 1835
Rubber (vulcanised) - Charles Goodyear – US- 1841
Rubber (waterproof)- Charles Macintosh – Scotland – 1819
Safety Lamp – Sir Humphry Davy – England  – 1816
Safety Pin – William Hurst – US – 1849
Sewing Machine -  B. Thimmonnier – France -1830
Scooter  -  G. Bradshaw -  England – 1919
Ship (steam) - J.C. Perier -  France -1775
Ship (turbine) – Sir Charles Parsons – Britain – 1894
Shorthand (modern) – Sir Isaac Pitman-  England – 1837
Spinning Frame – Sir Richard Arkwright – England – 1769
Steam Engine (Piston)- Thomas Newcombe – Britain -1712
Steam engine- James Watt – Scotland – 1765
Stainless Steel – Harry Brearley -  England – 1913
Submarine
  -  D. Bushnell -  US -  1776
Tank-  Sir Ernest Swington -  England – 1914
Telegraph Code – Samuel F.B. Morse  – US  – 1837
Telephone-  Alexander Graham Bell    US        1876
Telescope- Hans Lippershey – The Netherlands -1608
Television - John Logie Baird – Scotland -1926
Terylene  - J. Whinfield and  H. Dickson – England -1941
Thermometer - Galileo Galilei  – Italy -1593
Tractor -  J. Froelich -  US  – 1892
Transistor-  Bardeen, Shockley and Brattain – US- 1949
Typewriter - C. Sholes – US -1866
Radio Valve  -  Sir J.A. Fleming  – Britain -1904
Watch - A.L. Brequet – France – 1791
X-ray - Wilhelm Roentgen -  Germany -1895
Zip Fastener - W.L. Judson – US -1891

Scientific Inventions 1900 -1999

Orville and Wilbur Wright Orville was at the controls of the world’s first powered flight while Wilbur observed (1903).
John Ambrose Fleming Invented the diode - a vital part of radios and televisions (1904)
Christian Hulsmeyer The first radar system used in shipping (1904)
Leo Baekeland Inventor of plastic (1905)
Reginald Fessenden Invented radio broadcasting (1906)
Mary Phelps Jacob Invented the bra (1913)
Gidoen Sundback Invented the zip (1913)
John Thompson Invented the sub-machine gun (1920)
Frederick Banting / Charles Best Isolated insulin (1921)
Karel Capek Invented the first robot (1921)
Clarence Birdseye Started the idea of frozen food (1924)
John Logie Baird Invented the television - its first public demonstration was at Selfridges in London (1925)
Robert Goddard Invented liquid fuel rocket (1926)
Alexander Fleming Discovered penicillin and paved the way for antibiotics (1928)
Frank Whittle The jet engine (1930)
Percy Shaw Inventor of the cats eyes - a major factor in improved road safety (1934)
Laszlo Jose Biro Invented the ball point pen (1938)
Igor Sikorsky Inventor of the modern helicopter (1939)
Enrico Fermi Built the first nuclear reactor at the University of Chicago (1942)
Willem Kolff Invented the kidney dialysis machine (1944)
Percy LeBaron Spencer Invented the microwave oven (1946)
George deMestral Invented velcro (1948)
Carl Djerassi Developed the contraceptive pill (1951)
Sir Christopher Cockerell Invented the hovercraft (1955)
Jonas Salk Made the vaccine for polio (1955)
Jack Kilby Made the first microchip - the start of miniaturisation of technology (1958)
Wilson Greatbatch Invented the first heart pacemaker (1960)
Douglas Engelbart Invented the computer mouse (1964)
Stephanie Kwolek Invented kevlar (1966)
Jack Kilby, Jerry Merryman and James von Tassel The portable calculator (1967)
George Gray Invented the LCD and LED (1970)
Herbert Boyer Pioneer of genetic engineering (1973)
Akio Morita Inventor of the personal stereo (1979)
Tim Berners-Lee Creator of the World Wide Web (1989)
Ian Wilmut Headed team that produced the first cloned sheep - Dolly (1997)

Amazing Hair Facts!

  • Hair is the fastest growing tissue in the body, second only to bone marrow.
  • 35 meters of hair fibre is produced every day on the average adult scalp.
  • The average scalp has 100,000 hairs. Redheads have the least at 80,000; brown and black haired persons have about 100,000; and blondes have the most at 120,000.
  • 90% of scalp hairs are growing and 10% are resting.
  • It is normal to lose 100 hairs per day from the scalp.
  • You must lose over 50% of your scalp hairs before it is apparent to anyone.
  • Many drugs can cause hair loss.
  • Thyroid imbalance and iron deficiency are reversible causes for hair loss.
  • Over 50% of men by age 50 have male pattern hair loss.
  • Forty percent of women by the time they reach menopause will have female pattern (hereditary) hair loss.